Answers to the Top 5 Questions About Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
Many people think they know what ADHD is. When they hear about attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADD/ADHD), they imagine kids with a lot of energy or adults who seem incapable of completing tasks. While hyperactivity and difficulty maintaining focus are definitely effects related to ADHD, it’s a complex condition that can impact people in myriad ways. In this blog, the Lansing Counseling team will take some time to answer the top five questions we hear about ADHD to help increase awareness and dispel some of the common myths associated with this condition.
What Is ADHD?
ADHD is common condition that often develops or is first diagnosed in childhood, but it can impact people of all ages. Individuals who struggle with ADHD may experience difficulty with hyperactivity, inattentiveness, or impulsivity. In young people, ADHD often leads to struggles in academic settings and/or behavioral issues with caregivers. For adults, ADHD can make maintaining a job and achieving career goals more difficult as well as having a negative impact on relationships.
What Are the Common Warning Signs of ADHD?
Many people are aware of the most common warning signs of ADHD like hyperactivity and difficulty focusing, but ADHD can impact people in a variety of ways. Below, we’ve outlined some of the most common warning signs of ADHD in adults and children.
ADHD in Children
- Is easily distracted
- May not be able to focus on a task
- May not complete tasks they begin
- Can have poor academic performance
- May be disruptive in classrooms other settings
- May fidget or move around relentlessly
- May be loud or unruly, especially in play
- Can talk a lot or interrupt other people frequently
- Can have a tough time remembering dates or other details
- May not be patient enough to take turns
- May take a long time to calm down after periods of activity
ADHD in Adults
- Makes impulsive decisions
- Struggles with time management and task prioritization
- Has a difficult time focusing, especially over an extended period of time
- Struggles with planning ahead
- May have a low threshold for frustration
- Can have mood swings, irritability, or be quick tempered
- May be very active
- Could struggle to cope with stress
- May have excess energy or seem restless
How Is ADHD Diagnosed?
In most cases, ADHD needs to be diagnosed by an assessment psychologist. These professionals use standardized testing metrics to provide a complete picture of a person’s aptitude and areas where they may struggle. Assessment is about gaining a complete understanding of a person’s abilities rather than focusing on just affirming a specific diagnosis. The assessment process often helps individuals with ADHD to better understand their unique skills and have a more positive outlook about their diagnosis.
Who Is At-Risk for ADHD?
Most people first notice signs of ADHD in children, but anyone of any age can be diagnosed with this condition. Some factors that may place individuals at higher risk for ADHD include:
- Genetic predisposition, having one or more family members who have been diagnosed with ADHD
- Men are more likely to develop ADHD than women
- Maternal alcohol consumption, substance use, or smoking during pregnancy
- Premature birth
- Exposure to certain toxins, including lead and pesticides
- Medical conditions, including Turner Syndrome and certain heart conditions
Should Counseling Be Part of My ADHD Treatment Plan?
Every person’s experience with ADHD is different and requires unique resources and support to manage the potentially negative effects. However, many people do benefit from incorporating counseling into their routines. ADHD can take a toll. Many people who are diagnosed with ADHD struggle with self-esteem, anxiety, and depression. During therapy sessions, individuals can work on ways to manage and navigate both the direct and indirect impact of ADHD. If you’re interested in learning more about therapy as part of an ADHD treatment plan, you can get started working with the Lansing Counseling team by calling (517) 300-0981, emailing [email protected], or completing our simple online contact form.
5030 Northwind Dr Suite 101
East Lansing, MI 48823